PROMETHAZINE HYDROCHLORIDE- promethazine hydrochloride solution
Nostrum Laboratories, Inc.
Each teaspoonful (5 mL) of Promethazine HCl Oral Solution contains 6.25 mg promethazine HCl in a flavored syrup base with a pH between 4.7 and 5.2. Alcohol 7%. The inactive ingredients present are ascorbic acid, citric acid, D&C Yellow No. 10, edetate disodium, ethyl alcohol, FD&C Blue No. 1, FD&C Red No. 40, glycerin, methylparaben, pineapple flavor, purified water, sodium benzoate, sodium citrate, sucralose, and sucrose.
Promethazine HCl is a racemic compound; the molecular formula is C17 H20 N2 S�HCl and its molecular weight is 320.89. Promethazine HCl, a phenothiazine derivative, is chemically designated as 10-[2- (Dimethylamino)propyl] phenothiazine monohydrochloride.
Promethazine HCl occurs as a white to faint yellow, practically odorless, crystalline powder which slowly oxidizes and turns blue on prolonged exposure to air. It is freely soluble in water and soluble in alcohol.
Promethazine is a phenothiazine derivative which differs structurally from the antipsychotic phenothiazines by the presence of a branched side chain and no ring substitution. It is thought that this configuration is responsible for its relative lack (1/10 that of chlorpromazine) of dopamine antagonist properties.
Promethazine is an H1 receptor blocking agent. In addition to its antihistaminic action, it provides clinically useful sedative and antiemetic effects.
Promethazine is well absorbed from the gastrointestinal tract. Clinical effects are apparent within 20 minutes after oral administration and generally last four to six hours, although they may persist as long as 12 hours. Promethazine is metabolized by the liver to a variety of compounds; the sulfoxides of promethazine and N-desmethylpromethazine are the predominant metabolites appearing in the urine.
INDICATIONS AND USAGE
Promethazine HCl Oral Solution is useful for:
Perennial and seasonal allergic rhinitis.
Allergic conjunctivitis due to inhalant allergens and foods.
Mild, uncomplicated allergic skin manifestations of urticaria and angioedema.
Amelioration of allergic reactions to blood or plasma.
Anaphylactic reactions, as adjunctive therapy to epinephrine and other standard measures, after the acute manifestations have been controlled.
Preoperative, postoperative, or obstetric sedation.
Prevention and control of nausea and vomiting associated with certain types of anesthesia and surgery.
Therapy adjunctive to meperidine or other analgesics for control of postoperative pain.
Sedation in both children and adults, as well as relief of apprehension and production of light sleep from which the patient can be easily aroused.
Active and prophylactic treatment of motion sickness.
Antiemetic therapy in postoperative patients.